NPTEL Air Pollution and Control Week 8 Assignment Answers 2024

knowledge and understanding, NPTEL's Air Pollution and Control course presents participants with Week 8 assignments that delve deep into the intricate world of air quality management. This article aims to provide comprehensive answers to the Week 8 assignments, offering insights and elucidations to aid learners in grasping the core concepts effectively.

NPTEL Air Pollution and Control Week 8 Assignment Answers 2024


NOTE:- Answers will be updated shortly and it will be notified in our Youtube & Telegram Group. So Join Now

Join Our YoutubeJoin Now
Join Us On TelegramJoin Now

**Question 1:**

In the case study related to Indoor Air Quality in Nursery Buildings, UAE, match the pollutant (List-I) with their corresponding measuring equipment (List-II) used in the study:


Options:

A) P-3, Q-1, R-2

B) P-3, Q-2, R-1

C) P-2, Q-1, R-3

D) P-1, Q-2, R-3


**Answer:**

B) P-3, Q-2, R-1


**Reason:** 

In the case study, pollutant P was matched with measuring equipment 3, pollutant Q with measuring equipment 2, and pollutant R with measuring equipment 1.


---


**Question 2:**

In the case study related to Indoor Air Quality in Nursery Buildings, UAE, the most effective way to reduce the concentration of pollutants and improve indoor air quality in nurseries is:


Options:

A) Ventilation system

B) Air Purifier

C) Controlling the source of pollutants

D) Building material change


**Answer:**

C) Controlling the source of pollutants


**Reason:** 

Controlling the source of pollutants is the most effective way to reduce the concentration of pollutants in indoor air because it prevents the pollutants from entering the indoor environment in the first place, thus improving indoor air quality.


---


**Question 3:**

In which of the following layers of atmosphere most of the atmospheric ozone is concentrated?


Options:

A) Stratosphere

B) Mesosphere

C) Troposphere

D) Exosphere


**Answer:**

A) Stratosphere


**Reason:** 

Most of the atmospheric ozone is concentrated in the stratosphere, particularly in the ozone layer, which is located within this layer of the atmosphere.


---


**Question 4:**

At what time does the ozone reach its peak concentration in a diurnal cycle?


Options:

A) Morning

B) Afternoon

C) Evening

D) Nighttime


**Answer:**

B) Afternoon


**Reason:** 

Ozone typically reaches its peak concentration in the afternoon due to the combined effects of sunlight and chemical reactions involving ozone precursors.


---


**Question 5:**

Which of the following terms related to greenhouse gases describes its ability to trap an extra amount of heat in the atmosphere over time relative to 1 ton of CO2 emissions.


Options:

A) Global Warming Potential (GWP)

B) Radiative Forcing (RF)

C) Annual Greenhouse Gas Index (AGGI)

D) Fluorinated gases


**Answer:**

A) Global Warming Potential (GWP)


**Reason:** 

Global Warming Potential (GWP) measures the ability of a greenhouse gas to trap heat in the atmosphere over a specific time period, relative to carbon dioxide.


---


**Question 6:**

If Annual Greenhouse Gas Index (AGGI) measures the climate-warming impact of long-lived GHGs in the atmosphere is set to be 1.0 for 1990, then AGGI of 1.45 for 2019 represents


Options:

A) 45 % increase in radiative forcing since 1990

B) 45 % decrease in radiative forcing since 1990

C) 45 times increase in radiative forcing since 1990

D) 45 times decrease in radiative forcing since 1990


**Answer:**

A) 45 % increase in radiative forcing since 1990


**Reason:** 

An AGGI of 1.45 for 2019 compared to the baseline AGGI of 1.0 for 1990 represents a 45% increase in radiative forcing since 1990.


---


**Question 7:**

The urban centre that is warmer than the surrounding less populated area is called as _______


Options:

A) Cold island

B) Global warming potential

C) Heat island

D) Climate change


**Answer:**

C) Heat island


**Reason:** 

A heat island refers to an urban area that experiences significantly higher temperatures than its surrounding rural areas due to human activities and infrastructure.


---


**Question 8:**

Which of the following is NOT considered as an indicator of climate change?


Options:

A) Changing temperature and precipitation patterns

B) Increases in ocean temperatures and sea level.

C) Melting of glaciers and sea ice.

D) Volcanic eruptions


**Answer:**

D) Volcanic eruptions


**Reason:** 

Volcanic eruptions, while they can temporarily impact climate, are not considered long-term indicators of climate change. The other options are directly linked to indicators of climate change.


---


**Question 9:**

Which of the following pollutants are majorly responsible for the formation of acid rain?


Options:

A) SO2 and CO

B) SO2 and NOX

C) CO and NOX

D) NOx and VOCs


**Answer:**

B) SO2 and NOX


**Reason:** 

Sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOX) are major pollutants responsible for the formation of acid rain when they react with water vapor and other atmospheric components.


---


**Question 10:**

When the acidic particles and gases get deposited from the atmosphere in the absence of moisture, it is termed as


Options:

A) Wet deposition

B) Dry deposition

C) Alkalinity

D) Emissions


**Answer:**

B) Dry deposition


**Reason:** 

Dry deposition refers to the process by which acidic particles and gases are deposited from the atmosphere onto surfaces in the absence of moisture.



Assignment 1: Analyzing Emission Inventories

The first assignment tasks students with analyzing emission inventories. It requires a keen understanding of the sources, magnitudes, and impacts of various pollutants on the environment. To tackle this assignment successfully, one must delve into the intricacies of emission estimation techniques, including bottom-up and top-down approaches. Additionally, comprehending the significance of emission factors and their role in accurately quantifying pollutant releases is paramount.


Assignment 2: Examining Dispersion Models

The second assignment focuses on examining dispersion models, essential tools for predicting pollutant concentrations in the atmosphere. Understanding the underlying principles of dispersion modeling, such as Gaussian and Lagrangian approaches, is crucial for interpreting modeling results effectively. Moreover, grasping the limitations and assumptions associated with different dispersion models is fundamental for their proper application in air quality management practices.


Assignment 3: Assessing Air Quality Indices

In Assignment 3, students are tasked with assessing air quality indices, which serve as vital indicators of ambient air pollution levels. Proficiency in interpreting air quality index values and their corresponding health implications is essential for making informed decisions regarding public health and environmental protection measures. Furthermore, understanding the factors influencing air quality index calculations, such as pollutant concentration thresholds and aggregation methods, is imperative for accurate air quality assessments.


Assignment 4: Exploring Source Apportionment Techniques

The final assignment delves into source apportionment techniques, which play a crucial role in identifying and quantifying the contributions of different pollution sources to ambient air quality. Familiarity with various source apportionment methods, including receptor models and chemical mass balance analysis, is essential for discerning the sources of pollution and formulating effective mitigation strategies. Additionally, understanding the uncertainties associated with source apportionment results is critical for interpreting findings accurately and making informed policy decisions.


Conclusion

In conclusion, NPTEL's Week 8 assignments on air pollution and control offer valuable insights into the complexities of managing air quality. By delving into topics such as emission inventories, dispersion models, air quality indices, and source apportionment techniques, participants gain a comprehensive understanding of the factors influencing air pollution and the measures required to mitigate its adverse effects. By mastering the concepts covered in these assignments, learners are better equipped to contribute to efforts aimed at safeguarding the environment and public health from the impacts of air pollution.

Post a Comment

0 Comments
* Please Don't Spam Here. All the Comments are Reviewed by Admin.

Top Post Ad

Below Post Ad